Last week, the CFPB filed an amicus brief in the Second Circuit in Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Indians et al. v. New York Department of Financial Services, a case in which online tribal payday lenders are challenging regulation by New York State. The CFPB's brief takes issue with the lenders' argument that Title X of the Dodd-Frank Act and Congress's creation of the Bureau indicates a federal interest in protecting tribal lenders from otherwise applicable state regulation. To the contrary, the brief explains, Section 1041 of the Act makes clear that Title X does not displace state law except to the extent that it is inconsistent with Title X and the Act defines “State” to include “federally recognized Indian tribe[s]." So if the court applies a balancing test, no federal interest favors the tribe's position.