Yesterday, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) issued this order requiring Chase Bank and JPMorgan Chase Bank to refund around $321 million to consumers who were charged on their credit cards for add-on services that they did not receive. That's right, the CFPB found that these banks charged for things that their customers just did not get. As explained in the the agency's press release, consumers
- Were charged for services they did not receive:
Consumers were charged fees as soon as they enrolled in these add-on
products, which include “identity theft protection” and “fraud
monitoring.” Monthly fees ranged from $7.99 to $11.99 even though the
promised services were not performed. In some cases, consumers paid for
these services for several years without receiving all of the promised
- Unfairly incurred charges for interest and fees:
The unfair monthly fees that customers were charged sometimes resulted
in customers exceeding their credit card account limits, which lead to
additional fees for the customers. Some consumers also paid interest
charges on the fees for services that were never received.
- Failed to receive product benefits: Consumers were
under the impression that their credit was being monitored for fraud and
identity theft, when, in fact, these services were either not being
performed at all, or were only partially performed.
Yesterday's order requires the banks to
- End unfair billing practices: Consumers will no
longer be billed for these products if they are not receiving the
promised benefits. Chase also must take steps, subject to the Bureau’s
approval, to ensure these unlawful acts do not occur in the future.
- Complete repayment, plus interest, to more than two million consumers:
Chase must pay a full refund, approximately $309 million, to more than
two million consumers who enrolled in the credit monitoring product and
were charged for services that were not received. In addition to the
amount paid for the product, Chase must refund interest and any
over-the-limit fees resulting from the charge for the product.
- Conveniently repay consumers: If the consumers are
still Chase customers, they received a credit to their accounts. If they
are no longer a Chase credit card holder, they received checks in the
mail. Consumers were not required to take any action to receive their
credit or check. Most consumers should have received refunds by November
- Submit to an independent audit: Chase has engaged
an independent auditor to help ensure the refunds have been provided in
compliance with the terms as set forth in the CFPB’s order.
- Improve oversight of third-party vendors: The CFPB
is also requiring that Chase strengthen its management of third-party
vendors who manage these identity protection products.
- Pay a $20 million penalty: Chase will make a $20 million penalty payment to the CFPB’s Civil Penalty Fund.
The agency's "explainer" tells the banks' customers how they will get (or have already gotten) their refunds: "Chase customers are not required to take any action to receive their
refund. Chase provided the refunds to the victims as an account credit
or as a check in the mail." That's different from what is done in some "claims-made" class-action settlements, where class members must go through a convoluted and unnecessary claims process (even where the defendant could have sent the relief directly to the customer-class members or credited existing accounts).